Iran's Foreign Policy Discourse and the Russia-Georgia-Iran Triangle (2013-2017)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, International Relations, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.A in Central Asia and Caucasus Studies, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


By the advent of various political currents on the realm of power, Iran has witnessed the emergence of sub-discourses that preserve the principles and propositions of the Islamic Revolution's discourse but differ in the subordinate propositions and inter-discourse developments. The latest is a “Moderationist sub-discourse” that has overcome other sub-discourses as the eleventh state started working in Iran. An important aspect of these sub-discourses is the impacts on foreign policy, especially toward the neighboring countries. In this way, Georgia gets significant importance due to its geopolitical features and the great deal of historical, cultural, and civilizational commonalities to Iran. However, due to regional and international changing conditions along with coming up various foreign policy sub-discourses, the relations between the two countries have had lots of ups and downs. On the other hand, after the Russo-Georgian 2008 war, the Russian Federation has exerted great influence on the Georgian foreign policy; including the relations with Iran. Therefore, this paper seeks to answer the question, regarding Russo-Georgian 2008 war, how the Moderationist foreign policy discourse has affected the Iranian-Georgian relations? Findings of the study show that the presence of Moderationist sub discourse of Hassan Rouhani affected Iranian foreign policy and the pessimistic subjective impressions of the Georgian leaders towards the previous Iranian government regarding Russia`s 2008 invasion of Georgia. As a result, we have witnessed relative improvement in the relations between two countries in 2013-2017 compared to the relationships of the 2008-2013 period. This research uses the descriptive-analytical method.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

گفتمان سیاست خارجی ایران و سه گانه روسیه-گرجستان-ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • حمید حکیم 1
  • امید رحیمی 2
  • کامران فلاحی 2
  • آرش سفیدی کاسین 2
1 استادیار روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
2 کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات آسیای میانه و قفقاز، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

ظهور جریانهای مختلف سیاسی در حوزه قدرت، جمهوری اسلامی ایران شاهد ظهور خرده گفتمانهایی است که اصول و گزاره های گفتمان انقلاب اسلامی را حفظ می کند، اما در گزاره های فرعی و تحولات بین گفتمانی متفاوت است. آخرین مورد یک "خرده گفتمان اعتدال گرایانه" است که با شروع کار دولت یازدهم در ایران بر دیگر گفتمان های فرعی غلبه کرد. یکی از جنبه های مهم این گفتمان های فرعی، تأثیرات آن بر سیاست خارجی، به ویژه در مورد کشورهای همسایه است. در بین همسایگان جمهوری اسلامی ایران، گرجستان به دلیل ویژگی های ژئوپلیتیکی و وجوه مشترک فراوان تاریخی، فرهنگی و تمدنی با ایران اهمیت بسزایی دارد. با این حال، با توجه به تغییر شرایط منطقه ای و بین المللی و همراه با زیر گفتمان های مختلف سیاست خارجی، روابط بین دو کشور فراز و نشیب زیادی داشته است. از سوی دیگر، پس از جنگ روسیه و گرجستان در سال 2008، فدراسیون روسیه تأثیر زیادی بر سیاست خارجی گرجستان گذاشته است، از جمله روابط با ایران. بنابراین، این پژوهش به دنبال پاسخ به این سوال است که در مورد جنگ روسیه و گرجستان در سال 2008 ، گفتمان سیاست خارجی اعتدال گرایان چگونه بر روابط ایران و گرجستان تأثیر گذاشته است؟ فرضیه بر این مبنا است که حضور گفتمان فرعی اعتدال گرایانه حسن روحانی بر سیاست خارجی ایران و تأثیرات بدبینانه ذهنی رهبران گرجستان نسبت به دولت قبلی ایران در رابطه با حمله روسیه به گرجستان در سال 2008 تأثیر گذاشت. در نتیجه، شاهد بهبود نسبی روابط بین دو کشور در سال های 2013-2017 در مقایسه با روابط دوره 2008-2013 بوده ایم.

Keywords [Persian]

  • گفتمان سیاست خارجی
  • اعتدال گرایی
  • گرجستان
  • ایران
  • روسیه
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