The Competition Between Iran and Saudi Arabia: Internal Factors

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Razi University, Kermanshah

2 Political Science, Razi University, Kermanshah

Abstract

The beginning of the political crisis in Syria, each regional and trans-regional actors have adopted different policies based on their interests and goals in relation to this country. Syria is an exceptional issue for countries in the region and the world's powers like the United States of America, and any transformation in that form might have a fundamental impact on the interests of each of these regional and global powers. Turkey as a regional power and the United States has always been present in the Syrian crisis as a regional power based on its interests. But the United' support of the present groups in Syria has sought to fight ISIS extremists, which Turkey has called for terrorist groups to reduce the US and Turkey relations. The present study was conducted using descriptive-analytic method and using documentation sources to provide a theoretical framework, the question of why Turkey is against United States about the Syrian Kurdish issue? This study investigates the presence of United States in Syria and the support of Kurdish groups, as well as the reaction that Turkey and Iran have been involved in. The findings of this article indicate that the United States support the Kurdish groups in northern Syria has led to conflict of interest between the two countries.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

رقابت بین ایران و عربستان سعودی: عوامل داخلی

Author [Persian]

  • محمد ناصحی 2
2 دانشجوی دکتری
Ebrahimi, N (2015), "Wahhabi Salafism; Saudi-Iranian Identity Differences", National Journal of Quarterly Journal, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 160-146
Asadi, A.A (2011), "The Behavioral Behavior of the Actors of Bahrain," Journal of Strategic Studies, Islamic World, vol. 12, No. 45, pp. 92-63.
Aghaei, D, Ahmadian, H (2009), "Islamic Republic of Iran and Saudi Arabia Relations, Fundamental Challenges and Future Facilities," Quarterly Journal of Policy, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 19-1
Strategic Thinking for Explaination (2017), "A Study of the Social Fields of the Establishment of the Power of Mohammad Bin Salman", at: www.tabyin center.ir
Parastar, A (2013), "The Impact of National Identity on Foreign Policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran (1979-2020)", Thesis, accessed at: www.Irandoc.ir
Jamshidi Rad, J (2010), "The Wahhabism Cult and Its Political Objectives," Journal of Political Studies, Volume 3, Issue 9, Pages 181-195.
Chamani Khorram Abadi, M (2014), "Geopolitical Analysis of the North-South Corridor", Thesis, Accessed at: www.Irandoc.ir
Hafez Nia, Rumina, I (2017), "The Impact of Iranian-Saudi Geopolitical Interests on Regional Challenges in Southwest Asia," Journal of Geographic Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 20-10
Haghshenas, M (2013), "Neoclassic Realism, From International Politics to Foreign Policy", Foreign Policy Quarterly, 27, No. 3, pp. 678-660.
Dehghani Firoozabadi, Jalal (2009), "National Source of Foreign Policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran", Quarterly Journal of Policy, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 245-221.
Hassantash.Gh (2014), “Iran, Saudi Oil Relationship: Friendship or Rivalry”, International Association for Energy Economics, First Quarter 2014. Seventh NAEE/IAEE International Conference Energy Access and Sustainable Economic Development for Africa.
Vrushal T. GHOBLE (2017) Iran’s Prospects of Return to the Gas Market and Other Stakeholders, Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, 11:3, 80-89, DOI: 10.1080/25765949.2017.12023311
Coville.T (2013), ECONOMIC COMPETITION FOR REGIONAL SUPREMACY: IRAN VERSUS SAUDI ARABIA (AND QATAR), Statistical Review of World Energy, June 2013, find this article at: www.awraq.es/blob.aspx?idx= 6& nId=100&hash
Wezeman, P (2018),” Saudi Arabia, armaments and conflict in the Middle East”, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, in: https://www.sipri.org.
Diansaee.B & Yurtaev.V (2017), “The Prospect of the Relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Saudi Arabia: Plausible Scenarios”, Journal of Politics and Law; Vol. 10, No. 3; 2017. URL: https://doi.org/10.5539/jpl.v10n3p83
Lobell, S. E., Ripsman, N. M. and Taliaferro, J. W. (2009). “Neoclassical Realism, Cambridge University Press, 310 pp
Cordesman the State, and Foreign Policy”,, A.H (2009), “Saudi Arabia: national security in a troubled region”, Santa Barbara, Calif.: Prager Security International, Bib ID: 4772158, ISBN: 9780313380761.
Al-Rasheed, M (2005) “Circles of power: royals and Saudi society”. In: Aarts, P & N, Gerd, (eds.) Saudi Arabia in the Balance. C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd., Leiden, Germany, pp. 185-213. ISBN 9781850658030. URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/ id/eprint/57815.
Darwich. M (2014); "The Ontological (In) security of Similarity: Wahhabism versus Islamism in Saudi Foreign Policy", Institute of Middle East Studies, No 263.
Mirbaghari.F (2004), “Shi‘ism and Iran's Foreign Policy”, The Muslim Word. (94)4, 555-563. Doi:10.1111/j.1478-1913.2004.00074.x
Moshirzadeh, H (2010). “Domestic Ideational of Iran’s Foreign Policy”. Iranian Review of Foreign Affairs. Vol.1. No.1.
Rahmanian, H (2015), Saudi Arabia, Tehran: Published in Foreign Affairs Ministry
Salimi, H, Ebrahimi, M (2014), "Theoretical Foundations, MetaScience and Reflection of Neoclassical Realism," Quarterly Journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, No. 17, pp. 42-13
Simaie Esfahani, A, et al. (2015), "Geopolitics of identity and its impact on Iran and Saudi security strategy in Yemen crisis", Quarterly Journal of Political Studies, Islamic World, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 27-1
Shavavand, S, Heydari, M (2016), "Investigating the Relationship between Zheng and the Codezapolitics in Saudi Foreign Policy", Foreign Policy Quarterly, 30, No. 1, pp. 116-93
Shirkhani, M.A, Mohaghpour, H (2012), "Realism and the Role of Energy Resources in Foreign Policy", Quarterly Journal of International Political Research, No. 13, pp. 41-1
Abbasi Semnani, A (2013), "Geopolitical Situation of Iran in the Relations between Regional Power and the World", Geographical Information of Sepehr, Volume 22, Issue 86, Pages 104-96.
Ataei, F, Mansouri Moghadam, M (2013), "The Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia: A Realistic Strategy in Identity Bedouin", Quarterly Journal of Foreign Relations, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 168-133.
Qaziani, M (2015), "Comparative Study of Iranian-Saudi Foreign Policy from the Constructive Perspective", Thesis, accessed at: www.Irandoc.ir
Qudsi, A (2011), "Geopolitical Developments in the Middle East and the Conflict of Strategies", Two Quarterly Journal of Islamic Awakening, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 169-153.
Qavam, A.A (2011), Principles of Foreign Policy and International Policy, Tehran: Organization for the Study and Compilation of Humanities Books of Universities (Department of Human Sciences Research and Development).
Martin, J. (2005), New Security Faces in the Middle East, Tehran: Strategic Studies Institute.
Went, A (2013), "Social Theories of International Politics", Translator: Homeyra Mushirzadeh, Publication: Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Hayne Bush, R, Ehtashami, A (2011), Foreign Policy of the Middle East. Rehman Ghahramanpour, Morteza Massah, Tehran: The publication of Imam Sadiq University.
Moshirzadeh, H (2013), Transformation in International Relations Theories, Tehran: Organization for the Study and Compilation of Human Sciences Books of Universities (position), Center for Human Sciences Research and Development.
Masihi e kohestani, H (2013), "Reviewing Saudi Arabian Foreign and Security Policy toward the Middle East Movement", Thesis, Access at: www.Irandoc.ir
Mattiqi, I, et al. (2015), "Regional Fields and Hegemony in Mesopotamia, World Politics Quarterly, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 266-243
Zeraat Pisheh, Najaf (2012), Strategic Estimation of Saudi Arabia, Tehran: International Contemporary Cultural & International Research Institute.