Explaining Iran's Foreign Policy: Ideas, Expectations, and Structures (2013-2021)

Document Type : Original Article


Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran


The importance of coherent foreign policy is due to the foreign policy's impact on countries' survival, development, stability, and security. Different individuals, institutions, organizations have different roles in foreign policy under any conditions in different political systems. This article presumes that foreign policy is the continuation of internal and domestic policy. The present study aims to explain foreign policy by highlighting different and diverse decisions and policies. This article includes a conceptual framework, a section that will explain realistic and idealistic policy, mental foundations of utopian and real policy-making in the Islamic Republic of Iran, an explanation of the foreign policy, and finally the conclusions. The main question is: what effect had a plurality of ideas and multiple structures on Iran's foreign policy in the period (2013-2021)? The hypothesis of the research using analytical and explanatory methodology is: During the period (2013-2021), the plurality of ideas and multiple structures as a roadmap has played an important role in the coherence and orientation of Iran's foreign policy. Moreover, Iran’s foreign policy decision Making is the result of semantic plurality, structural multiplicity, and different expectations from foreign policy.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

تبیین سیاست خارجی ایران، ایده‎ها، انتظارات و ساختارها (2013 تا 2021)

Author [Persian]

  • حسین کریمی فرد
دانشیار گروه روابط بین الملل،واحداهواز،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی،اهواز، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

سیاست خارجی ایران عرصه تعاطی و تعامل نهادها و ارگان های دولتی و غیر دولتی با ادراکات،تصورات و بینش سیاسی خاص توام با اهداف و انتظارات متفاوت می باشند. در این مقاله سیاست خارجی ادامه سیاست داخلی در نظر گرفته شود همچنین ترکیبی از مدل تصمیم گیری کثرت گرایی و ساختارگرایی جهت توضیح و تبیین موضوعات به کار گرفته شده است. سوال این پژوهش عبارتست: تعدد نهادها، ادراکات و انتظارات متفاوت از سیاست خارجی در ایران در مقطع زمانی 2021-2013 چه نتایجی را در عرصه سیاست خارجی ایجاد کرده است؟ فرضیه این پژوهش که تلاش می شود با استفاده از متدولوژی تحلیلی و تبیینی به اثبات برسد عبارتست از: تعدد نهادها و تکثر ایده ها به مثابه نقشه راه در انسجام و جهت گیری سیاست خارجی ایران (2013-2020) نقشی مهمی ایفاء کرده اند. سیاستگزاری و تصمیمات خارجی ایران نتیجه و برآیند تکثر معنایی،تعدد ساختاری و انتظارات متفاوت از سیاست خارجی می باشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • تصمیم سازی واقعگرا
  • تصمیم سازی آرمانگرا
  • سیاست داخلی
  • ایران
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