Iran's Foreign Policy Discourse and the Russia-Georgia-Iran Triangle (2013-2017)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, International Relations, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 M.A in Central Asia and Caucasus Studies, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

By the advent of various political currents on the realm of power, Iran has witnessed the emergence of sub-discourses that preserve the principles and propositions of the Islamic Revolution's discourse but differ in the subordinate propositions and inter-discourse developments. The latest is a “Moderationist sub-discourse” that has overcome other sub-discourses as the eleventh state started working in Iran. An important aspect of these sub-discourses is the impacts on foreign policy, especially toward the neighboring countries. In this way, Georgia gets significant importance due to its geopolitical features and the great deal of historical, cultural, and civilizational commonalities to Iran. However, due to regional and international changing conditions along with coming up various foreign policy sub-discourses, the relations between the two countries have had lots of ups and downs. On the other hand, after the Russo-Georgian 2008 war, the Russian Federation has exerted great influence on the Georgian foreign policy; including the relations with Iran. Therefore, this paper seeks to answer the question, regarding Russo-Georgian 2008 war, how the Moderationist foreign policy discourse has affected the Iranian-Georgian relations? Findings of the study show that the presence of Moderationist sub discourse of Hassan Rouhani affected Iranian foreign policy and the pessimistic subjective impressions of the Georgian leaders towards the previous Iranian government regarding Russia`s 2008 invasion of Georgia. As a result, we have witnessed relative improvement in the relations between two countries in 2013-2017 compared to the relationships of the 2008-2013 period. This research uses the descriptive-analytical method.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

گفتمان سیاست خارجی ایران و سه گانه روسیه-گرجستان-ایران

Authors [فارسی]

  • حمید حکیم 1
  • امید رحیمی 2
  • کامران فلاحی 2
  • آرش سفیدی کاسین 2
1 استادیار روابط بین الملل، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
2 کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات آسیای میانه و قفقاز، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

ظهور جریانهای مختلف سیاسی در حوزه قدرت، جمهوری اسلامی ایران شاهد ظهور خرده گفتمانهایی است که اصول و گزاره های گفتمان انقلاب اسلامی را حفظ می کند، اما در گزاره های فرعی و تحولات بین گفتمانی متفاوت است. آخرین مورد یک "خرده گفتمان اعتدال گرایانه" است که با شروع کار دولت یازدهم در ایران بر دیگر گفتمان های فرعی غلبه کرد. یکی از جنبه های مهم این گفتمان های فرعی، تأثیرات آن بر سیاست خارجی، به ویژه در مورد کشورهای همسایه است. در بین همسایگان جمهوری اسلامی ایران، گرجستان به دلیل ویژگی های ژئوپلیتیکی و وجوه مشترک فراوان تاریخی، فرهنگی و تمدنی با ایران اهمیت بسزایی دارد. با این حال، با توجه به تغییر شرایط منطقه ای و بین المللی و همراه با زیر گفتمان های مختلف سیاست خارجی، روابط بین دو کشور فراز و نشیب زیادی داشته است. از سوی دیگر، پس از جنگ روسیه و گرجستان در سال 2008، فدراسیون روسیه تأثیر زیادی بر سیاست خارجی گرجستان گذاشته است، از جمله روابط با ایران. بنابراین، این پژوهش به دنبال پاسخ به این سوال است که در مورد جنگ روسیه و گرجستان در سال 2008 ، گفتمان سیاست خارجی اعتدال گرایان چگونه بر روابط ایران و گرجستان تأثیر گذاشته است؟ فرضیه بر این مبنا است که حضور گفتمان فرعی اعتدال گرایانه حسن روحانی بر سیاست خارجی ایران و تأثیرات بدبینانه ذهنی رهبران گرجستان نسبت به دولت قبلی ایران در رابطه با حمله روسیه به گرجستان در سال 2008 تأثیر گذاشت. در نتیجه، شاهد بهبود نسبی روابط بین دو کشور در سال های 2013-2017 در مقایسه با روابط دوره 2008-2013 بوده ایم.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • گفتمان سیاست خارجی
  • اعتدال گرایی
  • گرجستان
  • ایران
  • روسیه
Amirahmadian, Bahram, Asgari, Hassan, (2013), “Understanding the Relations Between Iran and Georgia Since Independence Based on Theories of International Relations” Central Eurasian Studies Quarterly, Fifth year, No.10, Pages 1-20. (In Persian)
Dehghani Firoozabadi, Seyed Jalal, “a”, (2015), Discursive cycle of the foreign policy of Iran from Bazargan to Rouhani`s government, Tehran: Mokhatab Publications. (In Persian)
Dehghani Firoozabadi, Seyed Jalal, “b”, (2015), Discourse of Moderation in foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Foreign policy quarterly, Twenty-eighth year, No.1, Pages 1-39. (In Persian)
Dehghani Firoozabadi, Seyed Jalal, Ataei, Mehdi, (2014), “The eleventh government nuclear discourse”, Strategic Studies Quarterly, Seventeenth year, No.1, Series no.63, Pages 87-120. (In Persian)
Ekhtiari Amiri, Reza, (2017), Limitations of the Moderation Discourse in Forming Regional Peace (With Emphasis on Iran and GCC Relations), Journal of political thought in Islam, Third year, No. 11, Pages 31-57. (In Persian)
Jafari, Ali, A., Janbaz, Dayan, (2016), Diversity of Discourse of Foreign Policy and Aspects of Iran's New Nuclear Diplomacy, Quarterly of Strategic research of politics, Fourth year, No. 46, Pages 93-121. (In Persian)
Koozehgar Kalleji, Vali, (2017), Why is Iran`s Foreign Minister`s visit to Georgia Important? http://iras.ir/fa/doc/note/3142, Accessed on: 2018/4/17. (In Persian)
Mehr News Agency, (2013/8/5), The full text of the general principles and policies of the government, Available in: http://www. mehrnews.com/news/ 2110886, Accessed on: 2018/4/22. (In Persian)
Mehr News Agency, (2016/7/31), Iran and Georgia signed a gas export agreement, https://www.mehrnews.com/news/3727747, Accessed on: 2018/4/22. (In Persian)
Mohammadnia, Mahdi, (2015), Comparative Study of Foreign Policy of Conservative and Moderate Governments, Quarterly of policy studies, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, PP 175-204. (In Persian)
Official website of the President of Islamic Republic of Iran, “a”, (2014/9/27), Iran calls for stability, security and development of Georgia / Emphasizing on the development of economic and cultural relations between the two countries, http://president.ir/fa/81344, Accessed on: 2018/5/14. (In Persian)
Official website of the President of Islamic Republic of Iran, “b”, (2014/4/22), The development of the Georgian railways is in the interest of the entire region, http://president.ir/fa/76820, Accessed on: 2018/5/14. (In Persian)
Official website of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, (2015/1/25), The acceleration of relations and cooperation between Tehran and Tbilisi is essential، http://president.ir/fa/84052, Accessed on: 2018/5/14. (In Persian)
Rouhani, Hassan, (2015), Congratulation message to the Georgian president on the Georgian National Day, Available in: http://president.ir/fa/87315, Accessed on: 2018/5/15. (In Persian)
Rouhani, Hassan, (2013), “a”, Congratulation message to the Georgian president, available in: http://president.ir/fa/72478, Accessed on: 2018/5/15. (In Persian)
Rouhani, Hassan, (2013), “b”, Reply to the Congratulation message of the Prime minister of Georgia, Available in: http://president.ir/fa/70975, Accessed on: 2018/5/15. (In Persian)
Tamin24, (2017/10/10), An increase of 50% in the volume of trade between Iran and Georgia, Tamin24, http://tamin24.ir/News/21338.html, Accessed on: 2018/5/16. (In Persian)
Afrasiabi, Kaveh, (2008/8/16), Iran gambles over Georgia's crisis, Asia times, available at: http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/JH16Ak01.html, Accessed on: 2018/5/18.
Agadjanian, Alexander, Jödicke, Ansgar, Zweerde, Evert van der, (2015), Religion, Nation, and Democracy in the South Caucasus, New York: Routledge.
Agenda News Agency, (2016/02/16), Georgia will launch visa-free travel with Iran, available at: http://agenda.ge/news/52077/eng, Accessed on: 2018/5/26.
Bastani, Hossein, (2014), How Powerful is Rouhani in the Islamic Republic? Chatham House; The Royal Institute of International Affairs, November: 1-16.
Birca, Mircea, (2008/08/10), Iran Calls for Immediate Cessation of Hostilities in S. Ossetia, Eurasia Press and News, available at: http://eurasia.ro/? p=15442, Accessed on: 2018/5/22.
Bryce-Rogers, Athena, (2013), Russian Military Reform in the Aftermath Of the 2008 Russia-Georgia War, Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 21 Issue 3.
Cornell, Svante E., Popjanevski, Johanna, Nilsson, Niklas, (2008), Russia’s War in Georgia: Causes and Implications for Georgia and the World, Policy Paper, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program.
Jawad, Pamela, (2005), Democratic Consolidation in Georgia after the “Rose Revolution”?, PRIF Reports, No. 73.
Jijelava, David, (2017), The Unfreezing of Iran: Economic Opportunities for Georgia, in Iran and the south Caucasus after the nuclear deal, Caucasus Analytical Digest, No 92.
Milani, Mohsen, (2016), Iran in a Reconnecting Eurasia: Foreign Economic and Security Interests, Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Najafov, Huseyn, (2008), Iran and the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and the Caucasus, No.1(49).
Nichol, Jim, (2009), Russia-Georgia conflict in Auugust 2008: Conext and Implications for U.S interests, CRS reposts for Congress, Washington: Congressional research service,
Tekushev, Islam, Markedonov, Sergey, Shevchenko, Kirill, (2013), Abkhazia: Between the Past and the Future, Prague: Medium Orient.
Ter-oganov, Nugzar, (2004), Georgian-Iranian Relations in the post-Soviet period, Central Asia and the Caucasus, No.4(28).
The Observatory of Economic complexity, (2015), Georgia imports, exports and trade partners, available at: http://atlas.media.mit.edu/ en/profile/country/ geo/, Accessed on: 2018/5/18.
Vaezi, Mahmoud, (2009), Mediation in Central Asia and the Caucasus: Experience of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran: Foreign ministry Publications.
Weiss, Andrea, Zabanova, Yana, (2017), The South Caucasus and Iran in the Post-Sanctions Era, SWP Comments, German Institute for International and Security Affairs, No. 24, July, 1-8