The Transatlantic Relations and NATO: A Comparison between Bush and Obama Administration and its Impact on Iran

Document Type : Original Article

Author

University of Guilan

Abstract

This article examines the security relations between Europe and the USA in the framework of NATO and during the Bush and Obama administrations. The author tried to show that the security relations between Europe and America started from the time of absolute dependence of Europe on Washington and, later on with the development of the European Union and also NATO, this dependence has gradually turned into mutual strategic cooperation. On the other hand, Europe attempts to form a defensive and security structure independently of the United States and mainly in the framework of NATO, which has led to an improvement in the defense treaties between the Eastern European countries. It seems that Europe seeks to play an equally important role to the USA and is using NATO as a powerful tool for this purpose. In fact, by developing its relations with NATO, the EU is trying to show the capabilities of Europe in crisis management and to make itself independent of the USA. However, America’s attitude towards NATO across the Atlantic is sometimes different, and conservative and democrat governments in America prefer either a mutual coalition or an American initiative.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [فارسی]

ناتو و روابط فرا-آتلانتیکی، مقایسه‎ای میان دولت های بایدن و اوباما و آثار آن برای ایران

Author [فارسی]

  • Ahmad Jansiz
دانشگاه گپلان
Abstract [فارسی]

این مقاله به بررسی روابط امنیتی اروپا و آمریکا در چارچوب ناتو و در دوران دولت های بوش و اوباما می پردازد. نویسنده کوشیده است نشان
دهد که روابط امنیتی اروپا و آمریکا از زمان وابستگی مطلق اروپا به واشنگتن آغاز شده و بعدها با توسعه اتحادیه اروپا و همچنین ناتو،
این وابستگی به تدریج به همکاری استراتژیک متقابل تبدیل شده است. از سوی دیگر، اروپا تلاش می کند تا مستقل از آمریکا و عمدتاً در چارچوب ناتو یک ساختار دفاعی و امنیتی تشکیل دهد
که منجر به بهبود معاهدات دفاعی بین کشورهای اروپای شرقی شده است. به نظر می رسد اروپا به دنبال ایفای نقشی به همان اندازه آمریکاست و از ناتو به عنوان ابزاری قدرتمند برای این منظور استفاده می کند.
در واقع اتحادیه اروپا با توسعه روابط خود با ناتو در تلاش است تا توانمندی های اروپا را در مدیریت بحران نشان دهد
و خود را از آمریکا مستقل کند. با این حال، نگرش آمریکا نسبت به ناتو در آن سوی اقیانوس اطلس گاهی متفاوت است و دولت‌های محافظه‌کار و دموکرات
در آمریکا یا ائتلاف متقابل یا ابتکار آمریکا را ترجیح می‌دهند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • اتحادیه اروپا
  • ایران
  • ایالات متحده آمریکا
  • روابط امنیتی
  • همکاری راهبردی
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