Manuel Castells, The Information Age, Volume II (translated by Ahmad Elighelian, Tehran: New Design Publication, 2001, In Persian), 24.
Kate Nash, Contemporary Political Sociology (translated by Mohammad Taghi Delforooz, Tehran: Kavir, 2001, In Persian), 131-132.
Mario Diani, social movement networking, in Culture and politics in information Age, edited by frank Webster (UK: Routledge, 2001), 117.
Donatella della Porta and Mario Diani, Social movements: an introduction (UK: Black well publishing, 1999), 13-16.
Pierce Hamel and Louis Maheu, “the Politics of collective identity & action”, in The Political Sociology edited by Kate Nash and Alan (Blackwell Publishingm, 2006), 264.
Jennifer L. Arenas. “Power, Oppression, and Group Difference Integration: A Call to Social Movement Organization” (M.A Thesis in Sociology, George Washington University, 2015), 12.
Kate Nash, Contemporary Political Sociology, 155.
Donatella della Porta and Mario Diani, Social movements, 118-113.
Sardarnia, An Introduction, 79.
Tabnak Internet Portal, News ID 682743.
Sajjad Karim Pashaki and Omran Alizadeh (2009). “Terrorism, Religion and Human Rights Challenges”, Human Rights Quarterly 2, (2009) (in Persian): 78.
Oliver, Roy. Experience of Political Islam (Translated by Mohsen Modirshanechi, Tehran, AL-Hoda Publication, 2008, in Persian), 59.
Lauchs, M., Keast, R.L. and Le, V, “Social network analysis of terrorist networks: can it add value?”, Pakistan Journal of Criminology, vol. 3, no. 3 (2012): 3.
Ali Ashraf Nazari and Shohreh Pirani (2017) “Analysis of ISIS’S Violent Actions from Political Psychological Perspective”, Political Sciences Bulletin, 12th Year, Vol.2 (in Persian) (2017): 123-125.
Opp, Karl D, Theories of Political Protest & Social Movements (London and USA, Routledge, 2009), 128-129.
Ann Claping & Richard Nossal, “The internet, deterritorialization and the anti – globalization movement in Australia”, the pacific review, Vol.14, No.3, (2001): 446.
Diani, social movement networking, 121.
Sardarnia, An Introduction, 262-265.
Mary, Kaldor, Global civil society (UK: Blackwell publishing, 2003), 79.
Linehan, Margaret D. Linehan “Varieties of Muslim Nonviolence: The Muslim Movements of Nonviolence and Peace Building” (M.A Thesis in Liberal Studies, Georgetown University, Washington D.C, 2013),1.
Ibid., p. 4.