Article


Article Code : 139808185004261

Article Title : Saudi Arabia's Aggressive Foreign Policy: the Role of the Dialectics of Agent-Structure

Keywords :

Journal Number : 26 Summer 2017

Visited : 48

Files : 418 KB


List of Authors

  Full Name Email Grade Degree Corresponding Author
1 rahman najafi political19@gmail.com Graduate PhD

Abstract

The Saudi Arabia's foreign policy against the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) as the dependent variable is affected by the factors and elements of domestic level and also by the factors and elements of macro structural level as independent variables. Meanwhile, the present study aims at clarifying the dialectics of structure factors (regional-international developments) and those at agent level (Saudi Arabia's domestic developments) in shaping the Saudi Arabia's aggressive foreign policy against Iran. The present study, by means of description-analysis and applying the theory of the dialectics of agent-structure seeks to explore the “roots of shaping the Saudi Arabia's aggressive foreign policy against the IRI in the interval of 2011-2013 and the concerned signals and proofs of the Saudi behavior” as a question. The outcome of the current paper suggests that the developments at the macro-structure level such as the international anarchy, the change of US strategy as a superpower, change in the order and balance between and among the regional powers after the Arabian revolutions in 2011 along with change at Saudi agent level, i.e. the rise of bin Salman's team as the offensive elites, led to the shaping of Saudi Arabia's aggressive foreign policy against Iran in 2011-2018. Admittedly, these developments at the macro-structure level along with the domestic ones in Saudi Arabia resulted in shaping the Saudi’s aggressive behavior against Iran in a bilateral equation. In the same vein, the proofs of this behavior against Iran at the two levels of structure and agent include the creation of military-security coalition, establishment of amicable relations with Israel, exertion of institutional pressures, economic war, media-propaganda war and endeavor to exacerbate the Iranian home agitations.